Temporal stability of soil moisture under effect of three spacings in a eucalyptus stand

José de Oliveira Melo Neto, Carlos Rogério de Mello, Antônio Marciano da Silva, José Márcio de Mello, Marcelo Ribeiro Viola, Sílvia de Nazaré Monteiro Yanagi

Resumo


Soil moisture temporal variability is an important concept in understanding forest management. The objective of this study was to analyse the effect of planting density on soil profile moisture in a clonal Eucalyptus plantation. Soil moisture was observed every 15 days at 25 points distributed throughout the eucalyptus stand between November 2013 and October 2015 to characterize the moisture according to the following three types of spacings: 3 x 2, 3 x 3, and 3 x 5 m. At each point, the 0 - 10, 10 - 20, 20 - 30, 30 – 40, and 60 - 100 cm layers were evaluated using a Profile Probe PR2 model. Soil moisture showed high spatial variability in the 0 - 10 cm layer, whereas from 30 to 100 cm deep, the moisture tended to become more homogeneous throughout the area. The dry periods presented greater temporal soil moisture stability when compared to the rainy seasons. The 3 x 2 m spacing has greater temporal soil moisture stability when compared to the others, while the 3 x 3 m spacing presented greater temporal variability.

 


Palavras-chave


planting density; oxisols; water storage in the soil profile; Minas Gerais;

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v39i3.32656

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ISSN: 1679-9275 (impresso) e 1807-8621 (on-line) E-mail: actaagron@uem.br