Bending stiffness evaluation of Teca and Guajará lumber through tests of transverse and longitudinal vibration - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v34i1.10728

Marcelo Rodrigo Carreira, Pedro Gutemberg de Alcântara Segundinho, Francisco Antonio Rocco Lahr, Antônio Alves Dias, Carlito Calil Júnior

Resumo


The grading of structural lumber besides contributing for increasing the structure's safety, due to the reduction of the material variability, also allows its rational use. Due to the good correlation between strength and bending stiffness, the latter has been used in estimating the mechanical strength of lumber pieces since the 60’s. For industrial application, there are equipment and techniques to evaluate the bending stiffness of lumber, through dynamic tests such as the longitudinal vibration technique, also known as stress wave, and the transverse vibration technique. This study investigated the application of these two techniques in the assessment of the modulus of elasticity in bending of Teca beams (Tectona grandis), from reforestation, and of the tropical species Guajará (Micropholis venulosa). The modulus of elasticity estimated by dynamic tests showed good correlation with the modulus measured in the static bending test. Meantime, we observed that the accuracy of the longitudinal vibration technique was significantly reduced in the evaluation of the bending stiffness of Teca pieces due to the knots existing in this species.


Palavras-chave


Lumber; non-destructive evaluation; dynamic tests

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v34i1.10728





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