Efficiency of constructed wetland systems cultivated with black oats treatment of domestic sewage - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v34i4.13990

Valdeir Eustáquio Júnior, Antonio Teixeira de Matos, Paola Alfonsa Vieira Lo Monaco, Lidiane Carvalho de Campos, Alison Carrro Borges

Resumo


The objective of the present work was to evaluate the efficiency of a constructed wetland system cultivated with black oat (Avena strigosa Schreb) for the treatment of domestic sewage effluent from a septic tank, with emphasis on removal of carbonaceous matter, nutrients (N, P and K) and sodium. The experiment was conducted in four constructed wetland system (CWS) with horizontal subsurface flow for secondary/tertiary treatment domestic sewage. The CWS 1, 2, 3 and 4 received, respectively, organic load rates (OLR) of 100, 200, 400 and 600 kg ha-1 day-1 of BOD. Average efficiencies for removal of BOD, COD, total nitrogen, phosphorus, sodium and potassium were, respectively, 69.5, 70.2, 17.8, 26.2, 14.9 and 16.6%. Low efficiency in the removal of nutrients (N, P and K) was due a high OLR applied which provided also a large input of nutrients to the system. Sodium removal efficiency was low because it is a highly soluble ion and is poorly absorbed by plants. In general, lower OLR result in greater pollutant removals from the domestic sewage.


Palavras-chave


constructed wetlands; wastewater; pollution control

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v34i4.13990





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