Structural analysis of a sulfated polysaccharidic fraction obtained from the coenocytic green seaweed Caulerpa cupressoides var. lycopodium

José Ariévilo Gurgel Rodrigues, Érico Moura Neto, Gustavo Ramalho Cardoso dos Santos, Regina Célia Monteiro de Paula, Paulo Antônio de Souza Mourão, Norma Maria Barros Benevides

Resumo


Researches on structural chemistry of sulfated polysaccharides (SPs) have been mainly focused on red and brown algae. Caulerpa cupressoides var. lycopodium (Chlorophyta) contains three SPs fractions (Cc-SP1, Cc-SP2 and Cc-SP3). Cc-SP1 and Cc-SP2 had anticoagulant (in vitro) and anti- and prothrombotic, antinociceptive and/or anti-inflammatory (in vivo) effects. However, their structural features have not yet been investigated. This study analyzed the chemical composition, elemental microanalysis and structural features by infrared (IR) and nuclear magnetic resonance (1H NMR) spectroscopy of Cc-SPs. Fractionation of SPs by DEAE-cellulose yielded Cc-SP1, Cc-SP2 and CcSP3 containing differences among the relative proportions of sulfate (14.67-26.72%), total sugars (34.92-49.73%) and uronic acid (7.15-7.22%). Carbon (21.76-29.62%), sulfate (2.16-4.55%), nitrogen (0.85-1.57%) and hydrogen (4.57-5.86%) contents were obtained using a CHN equipment. Data from IR indicated occurrence of sulfate ester, galactose-6-sulfate, uronic acid and glycoside linkages. For 1H NMR spectrum of the soluble Cc-SP1 fraction, it was mainly found β-galactopyranose residues and CH3 group. The results showed that Cc-SPs fractions have some structural features similar to others studied Caulerpaceae SPs.

 


Palavras-chave


Chlorophyta; Caulerpaceae; sulfated polymers; chemical analysis; structural chemistry

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v36i2.17866





ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail: actatech@uem.br

  

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