Effect of initial pH in levan production by Zymomonas mobilis immobilized in sodium alginate

Vidiany Aparecida Queiroz Santos, Vanildo Luiz Del Bianchi, Crispin Humberto Garcia-Cruz


Zymomonas mobilis was immobilized using a cell suspension fixed to 8.6 x 107 CFU mL-1 by spectrophotometry. This biomass was suspended in sodium alginate solution (3%) that was dropped with a hypodermic syringe into 0.2 M calcium chloride solution. Was test two initial pH of fermentation medium (4 and 5) and different sucrose concentrations 15, 20, 25, 30 and 35% at 30˚C, without stirring for 24, 48, 72 and 96 hours. The levan production to pH 4 was high in sucrose 25% for 24 (16.51 g L-1) and 48 (15.31 g L-1) hours. The best values obtained to pH 5 was in sucrose 35% during 48 (22.39 g L-1) and 96 (23.5 g L-1) hours, respectively. The maximum levan yield was 40.8% and 22.47% in sucrose 15% to pH 4 and 5, respectively. Substrate consumption to pH 4 was bigger in sucrose 15 (56.4%) and 20% (59.4%) and to pH 5 was in 25 (68.85%) and 35% (64.64%). In relation to immobilization efficiency, Zymomonas mobilis showed high adhesion and colonization in support, indicated by cell growth increased from 107 to 109 CFU mL-1 during fermentation time.



entrapment cell; batch fermentation; biopolymer

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v36i2.18372

ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail: actatech@uem.br


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