Characterization of Carya illinoiensis and Juglans regia oils obtained by different extraction systems

Tainara Costa-Singh, Neuza Jorge


It is extremely important to evaluate the extraction processes of vegetable oils used in food, considering that the nuts are rich sources of triacylglycerols. Thus, the present study aimed at comparing the methods of solvent extraction and extraction by pressing of the lipid fractions of walnut (Juglans regia) and pecan nut (Carya illinoensis), in order to elucidate their influence on the content of bioactive substances. The samples were analyzed regarding fatty acid profile, tocopherols, phytosterols, carotenoids, and phenolic compounds, presenting relevant quantities of these bioactive substances. It was found that the extraction of oils by pressing minimized degradation of tocopherol when compared to solvent extraction. However, solvent extraction is more efficient to extract bioactive compounds such as phytosterols, carotenoids, and phenolic compounds.



Chromatography; Soxhlet; pressing; oilseeds.

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ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail:


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