Sensory profile of beef burger with reduced sodium content

Camila Barbosa Carvalho, Grasiele Scaramal Madrona, Lucineia Aparecida Cestari, Ana Guerrero, Nilson Evelázio de Souza, Ivanor Nunes do Prado

Resumo


This study determined the sensory profile of three beef burger samples, namely, CON (control), F25 (25% sodium reduction) and F50 (50% sodium reduction), based on the Quantitative Descriptive Analysis (QDA). The samples´ microbial, physical and chemical composition was evaluated. Twelve panelists were selected and trained using as criteria the panelists´ discrimination power, reproducibility and consensus. Eleven terms were generated by the method of network descriptors. The intensity of each descriptor in each sample was evaluated by unstructured scale of 9 cm. Data were analyzed by ANOVA, Duncan´s mean test and principal component analysis. The sensory profile shows that low sodium beef burgers had lower fat and salty flavor when compared to untreated control and greater flavor and spice aroma. The above proves that reducing sodium intake causes increased perception burger tasters when compared to the presence of spices in the product. Treatment with 50% sodium reduction obtained the best results for texture softness and appearance. There was no significant difference (p < 0.05) in the chemical composition of ash, protein and fat in all burgers. In the case of general sensory attributes, treatments with sodium reduction obtained higher intensities of the attributes evaluated, except for meat and salt flavors.

 


Palavras-chave


meat products; sensory analysis; quantitative descriptive analysis; principal component analysis, sodium chloride; potassium chloride.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v37i2.25224





ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail: actatech@uem.br

  

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