Effects of photoperiod on somatic growth and gonadal development in male nile tilapia

Rodrigo Diana Navarro, Samatha Campos Souza, Yvonaldo Wlademir Saldanha Bizarro, Rodrigo Fortes Silva, Fernanda Keley Silva Pereira Navarro


Rotation and translation of the Earth subject the living organisms to cyclic changes of environmental factors. This study evaluated the effects of photoperiod on growth and gonadal development in Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus). In a completely randomized design experiment, juvenile males were distributed into nine tanks (10 fish per tank) and maintained for 60 days under three different light treatments with three repetitions each. The treatments were: T1 - 0 h photoperiod (tanks covered with lids and black plastic); T2 - 12 hours photoperiod (tanks uncovered during photoperiod to provide natural light); and T3 - 24 hours photoperiod (tanks covered with lids equipped with lamps). No significant differences were found between treatments for body length, gonad weight or gonadosomatic index, but body weight was higher in fish subjected to T3 compared with other treatments. Furthermore, significant increases in tubular lumen and germinal epithelium were observed in fish exposed to T1 and T3, respectively. Thus, the manipulation of photoperiod in Nile tilapia culture systems can improve production and consequently increase the economic return on investment.



fish; testicular development; light; dark.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v37i4.26880

ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail: actatech@uem.br


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