Basalt waste added to Portland cement

Thiago Melanda Mendes, Leonardo Guerra, Gilson Morales


Portland cement is widely used as a building material and more than 4.3 billion tons were produced in 2014, with increasing environmental impacts by this industry, mainly through CO2 emissions and consumption of non-removable raw materials. Several by-products have been used as raw materials or fuels to reduce environmental impacts. Basaltic waste collected by filters was employed as a mineral mixture to Portland cement and two fractions were tested. The compression strength of mortars was measured after 7 days and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) and Electron Diffraction Scattering (EDS) were carried out on Portland cement paste with the basaltic residue. Gains in compression strength were observed for mixtures containing 2.5 wt.% of basaltic residue. Hydration products observed on surface of basaltic particles show the nucleation effect of mineral mixtures. Clinker substitution by mineral mixtures reduces CO2 emission per ton of Portland cement.   


mineral admixture; particle size; microstructure; nucleation.

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ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail:


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