Determination of modal properties of the coffee fruit-stem system using high speed digital video and digital image processing

Geice Paula Villibor, Fábio Lúcio Santos, Daniel Marçal de Queiroz, Joseph Kalil Khoury Júnior, Francisco de Assis de Carvalho Pinto

Resumo


Detachment of coffee fruit is usually accomplished by means of mechanical impacts and vibrations applied to the plant. Modal properties of the coffee fruit-stem system represent important information for efficient and selective harvesting. This study aimed to determine the modal parameters of the coffee fruit-stem system, such as natural frequency and damping coefficient, using high speed digital videos. With image processing techniques, it was obtained the resulting displacement of the system subjected to an impulse. The modal parameters were determined by the logarithmic decrement method, considering the system as underdamped. The use of high-speed video and digital image processing techniques allowed the simple and reliable determination of modal parameters of the coffee fruit-stem system. Natural frequencies for the coffee fruit-stem system were 11.62 and 13.29 Hz; the damping coefficient was 0.0253 and 0.029 N s m-1, and the equivalent stiffness was 8.61 and 7.09 N m-1 for red and green ripening stages, respectively. It was found overlap of resonance bands, between the ripening stages red and green, hindering the selective mechanical detachment in the first natural frequency range of the coffee fruit-stem system.

Keywords:image segmentation, mechanical harvesting, mechanical vibrations.

Determination of modal properties of the coffee fruit-stem system using high speed digital video and digital image processing

Detachment of coffee fruit is usually accomplished by means of mechanical impacts and vibrations applied to the plant. Modal properties of the coffee fruit-stem system represent important information for efficient and selective harvesting. This study aimed to determine the modal parameters of the coffee fruit-stem system, such as natural frequency and damping coefficient, using high speed digital videos. With image processing techniques, it was obtained the resulting displacement of the system subjected to an impulse. The modal parameters were determined by the logarithmic decrement method, considering the system as underdamped. The use of high-speed video and digital image processing techniques allowed the simple and reliable determination of modal parameters of the coffee fruit-stem system. Natural frequencies for the coffee fruit-stem system were 11.62 and 13.29 Hz; the damping coefficient was 0.0253 and 0.029 N s m-1, and the equivalent stiffness was 8.61 and 7.09 N m-1 for red and green ripening stages, respectively. It was found overlap of resonance bands, between the ripening stages red and green, hindering the selective mechanical detachment in the first natural frequency range of the coffee fruit-stem system.

 


Palavras-chave


image segmentation; mechanical harvesting; mechanical vibrations

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v38i1.27344





ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail: actatech@uem.br

  

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