Effect of reversal of the flow direction on hydrodynamic characteristics and plants cultivated in constructed wetland systems

Gheila Corrêa Ferres Baptestini, Antonio Teixeira Matos, Alisson Carraro Borges

Resumo


The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effect of reversal of the flow direction, when used the surface flow as an operating criteria, on hydrodynamic characteristics and plants grown in horizontal subsurface-flow constructed wetland systems (HSF-CWs). For this purpose, six HSF-CWs were used: two non-cultivated (HSF-CWs 1 and 4), two cultivated with Tifton 85 grass (Cynodon spp.) (HSF-CWs 2 and 5) and two cultivated with Alternanthera (Alternanthera philoxeroides) (HSF-CWs 3 and 6). It was made a reversal in the flow direction of the HSF-CWs 1, 2 and 3. The reversal of the wastewater flow direction was performed when the superficial flow of the wastewater applied (SF) reached 50% of the length of the HSF-CWs. There was a single reversal for each system, on different dates. Reversing the flow direction promoted distinction on the dry matter yield of Tifton 85 grass. This was not observed in HSF-CWs cultivated with Alternanthera. The reversal of the wastewater flow direction promoted, in principle, the extinction of the SF advance in the HSF-CWs, but did not prevent its return. Waiting for the SF to reach 50% of the length was not the best criterion for reversing the flow direction.

 


Palavras-chave


clogging; wastewater treatment

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v38i1.27864



ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail: actatech@uem.br