Citric waste saccharification under different chemical treatments

Carlos Eduardo de Farias Silva, Georgia Nayane Silva Belo Gois, Livia Manuela Oliveira da Silva, Renata Maria Rosas Garcia Almeida, Ana Karla de Souza Abud


Second generation ethanol from lignocellulose materials has been used in applications for food processing wastes. Since Brazil has a leading position in orange juice exports, the influence of acid and alkali pretreatments on liquor saccharification, solubilization of solid fraction and mass yield was evaluated. Time and Cacid or Calkaline at different concentrations of solids (low to moderate, 1 to 9%) and high catalyst concentrations were analyzed. A hydrothermal pretreatment was conducted under the same conditions of acid and alkaline treatments to investigate the relative selectivity increase in using the catalysts. The chemical analyses of wastes indicated a 70% total carbohydrate level denoting a promising raw material for bioethanol production. Pretreatment caused acid saccharifications between 25 and 65% in total reducing sugars (TRS) and mass yields (MY) between 30 and 40%. In alkaline pretreatment, these rates ranged between 2 and 22.5% and between 30 and 80, respectively. In hydrothermal pretreatment, solubilized TRS varied between 3 and 37%, whereas MY remained between 45 and 60%, respectively. Cbiomass strongly influenced the three variables; in the same way, time affected MY.



pretreatment; biomass; experimental design; orange.

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ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail:


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