Evaluation of the kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of oxidation reaction in biodiesel from a quaternary mixture of raw material

Karina Gomes Angilelli, Bruna Aparecida Denobi Ferreira, Livia Ramazzoti Chanan Silva, Leticia Thais Chendinsky, Dionisio Borsato

Resumo


A mixture of vegetable oil and animal fat as raw materials was optimized by simplex-centroid mixture design to produce a type of biodiesel with good oxidative stability, flow properties and reaction yield. Further, kinetic and thermodynamic parameters of oxidation reaction were determined by the accelerated method at different temperatures. Biodiesel produced with sodium methoxide as catalyst presented 6.5°C of cloud point, 2.0°C of pour point, and oxidative stability at 110°C equal to 8.98h, with a reaction yield of 96.04%. Activation energy of the oxidation reaction was 81.03 kJ mol-1 for biodiesel produced with sodium hydroxide and 90.51 kJ mol-1 for sodium methoxide. The positive values for DH and DG indicate that the oxidation process is endothermic and endergonic. The less negative DS for biodiesel produced with sodium methoxide (-28.87 JK-1 mol-1) showed that the process of degradation of this biofuel was slower than that produced with NaOH. The mixture of raw materials proposed, transesterified with the methoxide catalyst, resulted in a biofuel that resisted oxidation for longer periods, making unnecessary the addition of antioxidant

 


Palavras-chave


oxidative stability; animal fat; vegetable oil; catalyst.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v39i2.28656





ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail: actatech@uem.br

  

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