Effects of different cutting strategies on G-ratio in through-feed center-less grinding

Alessandro Rascalha, Sergio Luiz Moni Ribeiro Filho, Carlos Henrique Lauro, Lincoln Cardoso Brandão


Grinding is the main manufacturing process used in finishing operations. Center-less grinding is widely used in the production of auto parts e.g. roller bearings, valve stem and stem of shock absorbers. Center-less grinding is used in large-scale production due to shorter time and higher flexibility. However, the set-up of the grinder is complex and slow, and depends on the operators’ ability. The choice of the best parameters in the process is important to define exactly the cutting strategy and to optimize the process. Current study analyzes the input parameters: feed rate and type of materials on the responses G-ratio, surface roughness, and roundness. Thus, stems of shock absorbers were used as work pieces on the shop floor. Cutting speed and grinding wheel type were constant. The input parameters comprised feed rate and type of materials (1025 and 1045). Responses were surface roughness, roundness error and G-ratio. Results demonstrated that the kinds of tested material was the parameter that most influenced G-ratio and surface roughness. Moreover, feed rate had little influence on the quality of the work pieces, mainly on roundness error.



center-less grinding; G-ratio; surface roughness; cutting speed.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v39i1.29224

ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail: actatech@uem.br


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