Influence of relative stiffness on the behavior of piled raft foundations

Jean Rodrigo Garcia, Paulo José Rocha de Albuquerque


The behavior of piled foundations is influenced by several factors, especially those related to the geometry of the foundations, the number of piles, the height of the element that tops the piles and the type of soil in which the foundations are inserted. Given the various situations and variations of parameters to be analyzed, it is common to use numerical modeling for the analysis of geotechnical engineering problems. The piled rafts in this article are numerically analyzed by means of the three-dimensional finite element method using CESAR-LCPC® v.5 software. Thus, it was possible to conduct various analyses of piled rafts by varying the amount of piles and the thickness of the raft supported on the soil and piles. The results demonstrate that piled raft foundations tend to make displacements uniform, thus minimizing problems with differential settlement in structures. The thickness of the plate of the piled raft influences the load distribution in the piles under the raft when the piles are supported on the ground. The relative stiffness (Krs), which is the ‘stiffness’ of the piled raft combined with the soil, increases with increases in the amount of piles and the thickness of the piled raft.



piled raft; numerical analysis; piles; relative stiffness.

Texto completo:

PDF (English) (baixado


Licença Creative Commons
Este obra está licenciado com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição 4.0 Internacional.

ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail:


Resultado de imagem para CC BY