Effect of parameters on butyl butyrate synthesis using novel Aspergillus niger lipase as biocatalyst

Beatriz Medeiros Travalia, Mercia Galvão, Alvaro Silva Lima, Cleide Mara Faria Soares, Narendra Narain, Luciana Cristina Lins de Aquino Santana



A novel “green” Aspergillus niger lipase, obtained from the fermentation of pumpkin seeds, was used in a free form and encapsulated in sol-gel matri x in butyl butyrate (pineapple flavor) synthesis. Esterification reactions were performed with varying substrate molar ratio (butanol: butyric acid) ranging between 1:1 and 5:1; temperature between 30 and 60°C and biocatalyst mass between 0 and 1g, respectively, according to experimental design 23 with 6 axial and 3 central points. Maximum butyl butyrate production was obtained when substrate molar ratio (butanol:butyric acid) 3:1, temperature at 60°C and 0.5 g free or encapsulated lipase as biocatalyst, were used. Temperature was the most significant parameter for production with the two biocatalysts, indicating that higher rates mean greater compound synthesis. Response surface plots showed that higher butyl butyrate production may be obtained with higher temperature and molar ratio rates (butanol:butyric acid) and with lower rates of biocatalyst mass in reactions catalyzed by free or encapsulated lipase. Aspergillus niger lipase obtained from agro-industrial waste could be employed as biocatalyst in esterification reactions in the production of natural aroma as butyl butyrate.



lipases; aroma; esterification; agro-industrial residue.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v40i1.35999

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