Production of emulsifier by a strain of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (C1 LBPVMA-UFAL) using lubricant oil as main carbon source - DOI: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v32i1.7548

Danielle dos Santos Tavares Pereira, Amanda Lys Santos Silva, Ana Maria Queijeiro López

Resumo


The intention of this work was to evaluate the growth of Pseudomonas aeruginosa (C1 LBPVMA-UFAL) on lubricant oil and verify the production of rhamnolipid biosurfactant. Tests in solid medium containing lubricant oil supplemented with different sources of nitrogen were used to evaluate the growth of P. aeruginosa. The growth medium used for production of rhamnolipid was (g L-1): yeast extract, 0.1; NaCl, 1.0; MgSO4, 0.2; MnSO4.H2O, 0.02; 0.5% lubricant oil (w v-1). The biosurfactant concentration was detected 24h after the inoculation, during the exponential phase, with the maximum value obtained up to 120h, although no drastic alteration of pH had been verified. The emulsifier activity was also first detected after 24h of incubation, with maximum production after 120h. The characterization of the produced biosurfactant was performed through thin layer chromatography, which showed the presence of two spots with Rf values equal to 0.71 and 0.5, revealed by reagents specific to rhamnolipids. These results suggested that two types of rhamnolipidic biosurfactant are produced by the strain of P. aeruginosa in limited conditions of nutrients, able to use lubricant oil as main carbon source. This bacterium, isolated from agro-industrial effluent, showed potential to bioremediation assays of contamination with petrol and his derivates.

Palavras-chave


Pseudomonas aeruginosa; biosurfactant; lubricant oil; emulsifier activity; agro-industrial effluent

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v32i1.7548





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