Cytotoxic / antioxidant activity and sensorial acceptance of yerba-mate development by oxidation process

Alice Teresa Valduga, Itamar Luís Gonçalves, Ana Cláudia Piovezan Borges, Albanin Aparecida Mielniczki-Pereira, Ana Paula Picolo


Yerba-mate (Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil.) is a native species of South America, and its dried leaves are consumed mainly as a beverage. Its phytochemical profile includes phenolic compounds consisting of secondary metabolites with antioxidant activities. Current research optimizes conditions of yerba-mate leaves oxidation, evaluates the sensory acceptance and assesses the in vivo antioxidant activity of the oxidized product. The variables incubation chamber humidity and age of leaves were optimized within the yerba-mate leaves oxidative process by a 22 factorial design. The sensory acceptance and the antioxidant activity of yerba-mate extracts, oxidized by the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae exposed to hydrogen peroxide, were assessed. The variables chamber humidity and age of leaves affected the colorimetric coordinates L* and b* during the oxidative process, and validated empirical models. The minimum concentration of beverage-type yerba-mate extract which was able to enhance the cell survival of S. cerevisiae was 150 μg×mL-1, whilst rate for oxidized product reached 1,200 μg×mL-1. Extracts from the two processing forms increased the cell survival in S. cerevisiae exposed to 5 mM hydrogen peroxide. The sensory acceptance of oxidized product did not differ significantly when compared to control. The antioxidant activity of yerba-mate extracts should be exploited for the development of new products.



oxidized yerba-mate; antioxidant activity; organoleptic proprieties

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ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail:


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