IPN hydrogels based on PNIPAAm and PVA-Ma networks: characterization through measure of LCST, swelling ratio and mechanical properties - doi: 10.4025/actascitechnol.v34i2.15019

Adriana Cristina Wenceslau, Adley Forti Rubira, Edvani Curti Muniz

Resumo


IPN hydrogels based on chemically modified poly(vinyl alcohol) (or PVA-Ma), with different degrees of substitution (DS), and poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (or PNIPAAm) were obtained and characterized through measures of LCST, swelling ratio and mechanical properties. Linear PVA-Ma with several DS were obtained through the chemical reaction of PVA with glycidyl methacrylate (GMA). The DS of various PVA-Ma were determined through 1H NMR spectroscopy. Two steps were used for preparation the PVA-Ma/PNIPAAm membrane hydrogels. In the first step the PVA-Ma hydrogels (using PVA-Ma with different DS) were prepared by reaction of double bonds on PVA-Ma, using the persulfate/TEMED system. Using a photoreaction pathway in the second step, PNIPAAm network was prepared within the parent PVA-Ma network at different PVA-Ma/NIPAAm ratios. The studies show that degree of swelling ratio (SR) of PVA-Ma/PNIPAAm IPN hydrogels is dependent of temperature. The LCST for each IPN-hydrogel was determined by measuring the intensity of light transmitted through the hydrogel. The LCST of the IPN hydrogels ranged from 34.6 to 38.1oC. The elastic modules of swollen IPN hydrogels increased from 25 to 35oC but decreased by further warming to 45oC. The LCST, swelling ratio and mechanical properties of PVA-Ma/PNIPAAm IPN hydrogels can be tailored by tuning the PVA-Ma/NIPAAm ratio.


Palavras-chave


smart IPN hydrogels; PNIPAAm; PVA-Ma; tuning the LCST; temperature sensibility

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4025/actascitechnol.v34i2.15019





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