Analysis of absorbed energy and efficiency of a solar flat plate collector

Anderson Miguel Lenz, Samuel Nelson Melegari de Souza, Carlos Eduardo Camargo Nogueira, Flavio Gurgacz, Maritane Prior, Felix Augusto Pazuch


The highest percentage in home electricity demands in Brazil lies with the water heating systems, where the electric shower has a great contribution in consumption. The use of solar thermal panels is an alternative to minimize the strain on the electrical system by heating water. Current study evaluates a water heating system built with materials commonly used in home constructions. The tested collector is a 1 m² flat plate. Experiments were conducted at the State University of Western Paraná (UNIOESTE), campus Cascavel, Paraná State, Brazil. Temperature data were collected by PT100 sensors and solar radiation was measured with a pyranometer, coupled to a CR-1000 datalogger, with readings and collection every 5 minutes for 1 year. Data collection and analysis showed that the system presented monthly efficiency ranging between 33.7 and 53.54%, and energy absorbed between 30.79 and 75.29 kWh m-².month. Results show the system is a good option for use in residential or rural water heating due to decrease in the electric bill.



flat plate collector; electricity demand; water heating system; solar radiation; pyranometer.

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ISSN 1806-2563 (impresso) e ISSN 1807-8664 (on-line) e-mail:


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